Conventions of storyboards

A storyboard is a graphic representation of how the film will unfold, shot by shot. It is referenced by the film makers in production and pre production to create the best film possible. Here is an example:

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The conventions include:

  • Camera Shot Distance (Long Shot, Wide Shot, Close Up, Extreme Close Up)
  • Camera Movement (Zooms, Pans, Tilts)
  • Camera Angles (High, Low, Flat)
  • Location (where the scene is set)
  • Who is in the scene (character name)
  • Type of action in the scene (arrows in the direction of movement, notes for the actor etc)
  • Description of what is happening (general info about the scene)
  • Types of transitions should be noted (dissolve, wipe, fade)
  • Notes for the sound (diegetic and non diegetic, narrative, off screen, voice over etc)
  • Timing of each shot (noted in the top corner of the storyboard box)

Knowing these conventions we will start to develop our own storyboards.

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