Textual Analysis: Camerawork

Today we looked at the camerawork that is put into production of TV Dramas and films and looked at the different elements to camerawork, learning key terminology  as we went along.

Camera Shots

  • Wide shot-The most common shot in cinema is used to show the environment a character is in and shows the character from waist up to the top of the head. It is also known as a medium shot.


  • Long shot- A shot showing a character from head to toe and shows full environment


  • Extreme long shot-  Shows complete environment more so than a long shot.


  • Close up- Tightly framed person or object.



  • Extreme close up- Only shows one feature of a close up.


Framing and composition

  • Rule of thirds- Aligning a subject with the guide lines and placing the horizon on the top or bottom line, or allowing linear features in the image to flow from section to section. Doing this appeals to the eye.
  • One shot- One person being shown
  • Two shot- 2 people being shown
  • Point Of View shot- Taken from characters view


  • Shallow focus- Focus on one thing, everything else is out of focus
  • Deep focus- Everything is in focus
  • Focus pull- Focus changes from the fore-ground to the background

Camera Angles

  • Eye level- The most common shot taken from eye level
  • High angle shot- Camera is high
  • Low angle shot- Camera is low
  • Birds eye view- Camera is directly above scenery or character
  • Up shot- Camera looking straight up
  • Dutch tilt- taken from an angle, causes disorientation

Camera movement 

  • Crane shot
  • Dolly shot- Smooth repeatable movement from camera on tracks
  • Crab shot- Horizontal dolly shot
  • Arch Shot
  • Fixed shot
  • Hand held shot
  • Stedicam shot
  • Zoom- Fixed point but lens is used to zoom in
  • Crash Zoom- https://vimeo.com/141729555

Aerial shots

  • Helicopter shot ( Expensive, Bulky)
  • Drone Shot (Cheap)
  • Wire shot (Cheap, Precise)

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